Spectacled Caiman (Caiman crocodilus)
– The Spectacled Caiman has a wide geographic range, which includes Southwest Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Trinidad, Tobago, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.
– There are some introduced populations in Cuba, Puerto Rico and Florida. There has also been sightings of Caiman in southern Belize on the border of Guatemala, but these sightings have yet to be confirmed.
– The Spectacled Caiman is considered to be of Least Concern according the IUCN redlist, and is on Appendix II of CITES
– This species of crocodilian derives its name from a bony ridge that is in front of its eyes.
– Spectacled Caiman reach up to about 9ft long
– Breeding season starts towards the end of the dry season and peaks at the beginning of the rainy season throughout its range. Eggs are laid during mid-wet season in a mound nest.
– Similar to Crocodylus moreletii, the Spectacled Caiman may build nests on floating vegetation.
– Main diet consists of fish, amphibians and water birds. Very large caiman can take down small mammals.
– In South America, the Spectacled Caiman is known to control piranha populations.
– For more information, please see: http://crocodilian.com/cnhc/csp_ccro.htm